Phenakistoscopes (1833)

A popular Victorian parlour toy, generally marketed for children, which is widely considered to be among the earliest forms of animation and the precursor to modern…more

The Telephonoscope (1879)

Device imagined in a Punch cartoon from 1879, predicting the advent of video chat more than 100 years before Skype….more

16th-century Prosthetics (1564)

Images of mechanical prosthetics as designed by Ambroise Paré in his book Dix livres de la chirurgie (Ten books of Surgery). Paré was the official royal surgeon f…more

Arabic Machine Manuscript

Images from an Arabic manuscript featuring schematics for water powered systems, pulleys and gearing mechanisms. The date is unknown but is thought to be from somet…more