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Within Our Gates (1920)

The oldest known surviving film made by an African-American director, portraying the contemporary racial situation in the United States during the early twentieth c…more

Raja Harishchandra (1913)

Based on the eponymous legend recounted in the Sanskrit epics, this is the very first full-length Indian feature — the beginning of Bollywood….more

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1916)

The very first motion picture filmed underwater, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a 1916 silent film adaptation of Jules Vernes’ novel of the same name, as well as i…more

Tarzan of the Apes (1918)

The very first Tarzan film ever made, based on Edgar Rice Burroughs’ original novel Tarzan of the Apes of only 4 years earlier. The film is directed by Scott Sidn…more

Cleopatra (1912)

Cleopatra – a Romance of a Woman and a Queen – depicts Helen Gardner in the title role and as centrepiece to the series of elaborately staged tableaux which tel…more

Life and Passion of Christ (1903)

From Internet Archive: La Vie et la passion de Jesus Christ is a 1903 French silent film directed by Lucien Nonguet and Ferdinand Zecca, and is believed to be the f…more

Alice in Wonderland (1915)

1915 silent film adaptation of Lewis Carroll’s classic novel, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, directed and written by W.W. Young and starring Viola Savoy as A…more

The Lost World (1925)

Silent film adaptation of Arthur Conan Doyle’s 1912 novel of the same name. Directed by Harry O. Hoyt and featured pioneering stop motion special effects by Willi…more

Stella Maris (1918)

A 1918 silent film staring Mary Pickford, directed by Marshall Neilan, written by Frances Marion and based on William J. Locke’s novel. Stella Maris, a beautiful,…more

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)

A silent horror film directed by Robert Wiene from a screenplay by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer. It is one of the most influential of German Expressionist films and…more

Thief of Bagdad (1924)

This swashbuckler film, directed by Raoul Walsh and starring Douglas Fairbanks, tells the story of a thief who falls in love with the daughter of the Caliph. The fi…more

The Phantom of the Opera (1925)

First film adaptation, directed by Rupert Julian, of Gaston Leroux’s novel. The film features Lon Chaney in the title role as the deformed Phantom who haunts the …more