patriotism

Essays

Propagating Propaganda: Franklin Barrett’s Red, White, and Blue Liberty Bond Carp

Propagating Propaganda: Franklin Barrett’s Red, White, and Blue Liberty Bond Carp

Toward the end of World War I, as the US peddled hard its Liberty Bonds for the war effort, goldfish dealer Franklin Barrett bred a stars-and-stripes-colored carp: a living, swimming embodiment of patriotism. Laurel Waycott uncovers the story of this “Liberty Bond Fish” and the wider use of animals in propaganda of the time. more