The Maps of Piri Reis

Piri Reis was a sixteenth-century Ottoman Admiral famous for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book which contains detailed information on navigation as well as extremely accurate charts describing the important ports and cities of the Mediterranean Sea. In 1513 he produced his first world map, based on some 20 older maps and charts which he had collected, including charts personally designed by Christopher Columbus which his uncle Kemal Reis obtained in 1501 after capturing seven Spanish ships off the coast of Valencia in Spain with several of Columbus’ crewmen on board.

Map of the Island of Bozjah (Tenedos) Off the Coast of Anatolia
Map of the Coast of Andalusia with the City of Grenada
Map of the River Nile Estuary with the Cities of Rashid and Burullus on Each Side
Map of the Island of Sardinia
Map of Unidentified Islands Off the Southern Anatolian Coast
Map of the Calabrian Coast From Catanzaro to Siquillace
Map of the City of Alexandria
Map of the City of Ferrara with the Six Rivers Flowing into the Gulf of Venice
Map of the Fortress of Alanya
Rhodes Island